SCRIPTURES TO READ: Romans 4:1-8
1 What then shall we say was gained by Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh? 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. 3 For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness.” 4 Now to the one who works, his wages are not counted as a gift but as his due. 5 And to the one who does not work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness, 6 just as David also speaks of the blessing of the one to whom God counts righteousness apart from works: 7 “Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, and whose sins are covered; 8 blessed is the man against whom the Lord will not count his sin.”
QUESTIONS TO ANSWER:
1. If you have the time please read through chapter 4 at least once before you begin answering the questions below. Take note of how frequently the following words occur: believe, faith, righteousness.
2. Why would God not allow Abraham to be justified by works of the law? (V2)
3. As opposed to obtaining righteousness by works how did Abraham obtain righteousness? (V3)
4. What comparison is Paul making in verses 4 and 5?
5. Explain the difference between working and believing in terms of what they result in.
6. Which Old Testament figure does Paul point to as confirmation that righteousness comes from faith and not from works of the law?
7. How does King David define righteousness according to this OT quote?