Title: The belief through the first miracle
Scriptures to Read: Read John 2:1-11
This is the first of John’s 7 signs.
The wedding at Cana
There is a wedding that takes place in a town called Cana in Galilee. Jesus comes to the wedding and brings with Him His first five disciples. Now keep in mind that a Jewish wedding feast lasted for 7 days. And the normal pattern was to serve the better wines at the beginning. Then once people have had a bit too much and their taste buds are not so sharp they would serve the lesser wines. A terrible thing happened that should never happen at any Jewish wedding. They suddenly ran out of wine. And Mary comes to Him with the statement that they have run out of wine. The text is not clear about why she went to Jesus. Maybe she is implying that the reason they ran out of wine is that he brought these five extra men. He says to her in verse 4: “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” The ASV puts it like this “Woman, what have I to do with thee” The Greek is literally, “Woman, what to me and to you?”
The Jewish term “Woman” is normal and polite
The term “Woman” is Jesus’ normal, polite way of addressing women (Matt 15:28, Luke 13:12; John 4:21; 8:10; 19:26; 20:15). But it is unusual for a son to address his mother with this term. The custom in both Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek would be for a son to use a qualifying adjective or title. Is there significance in Jesus’ use here? It probably indicates that, once he had embarked on his public ministry, a new relationship existed between Jesus and his mother. He was no longer primarily only her son, but the “Son of Man.” Furthermore, He is saying that she no longer has any parental authority over him. So if he does it He will not do it out of the need to honour her as His earthly parent. The phrase, “what to me and to you?” is Semitic in origin. The equivalent Hebrew expression in the Old Testament had two basic meanings:
1. When one person was unjustly bothering another, the injured party could say “What to me and to you?” meaning, “What have I done to you that you should do this to me?” (Judges 11:12, 2 Chronicles 35:21, 1 Kings 17:18).
2. When someone was asked to get involved in a matter he felt was no business of his, he could say to the one asking him, “What to me and to you?” meaning, “That is your business, how am I involved?” (2 Kings 3:13, Hosea 14:8).
My hour has not yet come
When you see this statement (My hour has not yet come) it is usually made in reference to his coming death. But here the point is that this is not the time or the place for Him to begin His public miracles. The place for him to begin His public miracles would be in Jerusalem, not little Cana. And the time, as we will soon see, will be the Passover.
Jewish people cannot eat anything until they first wash their hands, and because this is a 7-day festival there will be frequent washing of hands, and so there are great water pots of stone used for their washing rituals before eating. These water pots are filled with water, and by the miracle he performs it is turned into wine. Furthermore, the wine in these pots is far better than the wine first served. And so the one who served the food was commended (although he probably didn’t know why) for serving the better wine last rather than first which was the normal pattern.
The purpose of this first sign/miracles
What were the results of this miracle? The answer is found in verse 11.
1. First of all, John points out He manifested His glory. How did it manifest His glory? Because it shows his power to create. He bypassed all the processes of growing the grapes and pressing the grapes and giving them time to ferment.
2. Secondly, His disciples believed in Him. They had already accepted him to be the Messiah, but now that faith in His Messiahship is confirmed.